What is Tramadol?
Tramadol has a sedating effect, and it is an opioid. There are a variety of forms that this medication comes in. however, on our website, customers can only order tablets (200 pills).
What is treated with the painkiller?
Tramadol is not prescribed only for pain, there are other health conditions that are treated with it.
- A migraine – headaches of pain after dental or medical surgery
- Neuropathic pain includes:
- injuries to the brain
- spinal cord injuries
- spinal stenosis
- Stiff Person Syndrome – this is a condition that causes stiffness and rigidity. It usually affects the truncal muscles, which can lead to impaired mobility, chronic pain, and other problems
- Chronic pain – it usually lasts for weeks or years
How does it work?
When the brain sends messages of pain, the painkiller, when taken, also send messages to the brain, which are called endorphins. These endorphins are bind to receptors.
On a further note, Tramadol has a dual effect on the brain because it affects two chemicals – norepinephrine and serotonin. The painkiller increases the level of serotonin, and therefore, it allows other functions in the brain, such as sleep and mood, to work more effectively. When the norepinephrine is increased, concentration improves significantly.
When patients should avoid tramadol – medical history
Although it is safe to use Tramadol, certain health issue may get worse when taking this medication. So before starting a treatment, all clients should consult with their doctors first in order to avoid any complications or even side effects. Patients should read the information provided here very carefully and tell their medical caregivers if they have or think they may have any of the health problems listed in this section.
If you have this condition and you want a medicine to help you with pain due to injury or after surgery, there could be complications. Tramadol has to be used very cautiously, under the supervision of your doctor.
M1 is a more potent analgesic than Tramadol. And if you have renal dysfunction, the excretion and rate of both will decrease because of them extract from the urine.
The liver plays a big role when it comes to medication because this is the organ that gradually extracts any medication that you have taken out of your system (body). And if the liver is not working properly due to a disease or an illness, the exerting process will take much longer than it would if there were no problems. Tell your doctor if have or experience something unusual with your liver, especially if you have advanced cirrhosis or impaired hepatic function.
If you have asthma or lung problems related to breathing, do not take Tramadol because you can develop a Respiratory Depression. Although this painkiller has fewer risks when compared to other opioids (for instance, Morphine), there are still reports of patients who have experienced breathing problems. On a further note, the patients who have reported such issues were elderly and users who did not have a good health condition. That is why it is important to inform your doctor about your medical history.
Head injury and intracranial hypertension.
Tramadol should be taken cautiously, under the supervision of your doctor because if you have a head injury, for example, and are taking this medication, the painkiller can cause Miosis. That will result in pupillary changes which could conceal the existence or the extent of an intracranial pathology. If the medication is not taken properly or you are self-medicating and are not even aware that you have this condition, there can be an increase in head injury or there could be an increase in intracranial pressure.
Tell your doctor if you have suffered or currently have:
- head trauma
- brain damage
Patients who have taken more than the recommended dose have reported that they experienced seizures. So, do not take more pills under any circumstances because other unpleasant reactions may occur and put you or your health at a higher risk. Check out our article on how to take Tramadol!
Tell your doctor if you have had:
- misuse of medications (tranquilizers)
- suicidal attempts or even thoughts (currently or in the past)
- history of emotional disturbances
If you have had a history of the three mental issues in the past, you must inform your doctor, before you start a treatment with this medication. There have been reports of such situation that have led to fatal consequences. Depending on the case and how severe the condition is, you may still be prescribed Tramadol but be supervised by your medical caregiver very carefully and cautiously. If you have any of these health problems and are still given this medication, be aware and contact your doctor immediately if you notice or start experiencing any of the following signs:
- feel depressed
- experience changes in your behavior or mood
- have suicidal thoughts or even attempts
- if you any symptoms become worse
Alcohol and Tramadol
Alcohol is not your friend if you are taking Tramadol. Abusing intoxicants in the past or currently is your biggest enemy because of the consumption of such act as a depressant to the Central Nervous System (CNS). Tramadol is widely recreationally used.Any type of alcoholic beverage affects the CNS, and Tramadol does the same effect. And when both are combined, whether you drink before, during or after, there is a double influence on the Central Nervous System, which can cause the following symptoms:
- abdominal problems
- loss of coordination
- memory loss
- irregular breathing
- deep unresponsiveness
Drug interactions and Tramadol
If there is one thing that all patients must understand, that is the dangers of taking Tramadol tablets and other medications. Before starting a treatment with this painkiller, you must inform your doctor if you are taking any of the drugs listed here. On a further note, tell your medical practitioner if you are also taking any over the counter medicines, including herbs. Otherwise, there might be risks, such as side effects, an increase or decrease of how either medication works, or your condition may become worse. To avoid such risks, make an appointment with your GP! Please check our detailed article on Drug Interactions with Tramadol
Reported interactions of medications include:
- Warfarin – used for blood thinners
- Digoxin, which is also known as Lanoxin – used to treat heart conditions
- Cyclobenzaprine, which is also known as Flexeril – this is a muscle relaxant
- Paroxetine or Sertraline, which is also known also as Zoloft – used to treat anxiety
- Lithium – used to treat bipolar disorders and schizophrenia
- Erythromycin and Linezolid – these are antibiotics and treat infections
- Oxycodone, which is also known as Roxicodone – this is another painkiller
- Ketoconazole – this an antifungal medication
- Carbamazepine – used to treat seizures
- Phenelzine and Isocarboxazid, which is also known as Marplan – these medicines are prescribed for depression
Do not take Tramadol if you are taking any of the drugs listed above because you can put in great danger. Do not self-medicate, consult with your doctor first!
Adverse (Side) Effects
These side effects happen mainly when patients take more than the recommended dose or take other medications without consulting with their doctor first. However, accidents do happen, especially if a dose is missed or forgotten. In that case, you need to call your doctor and explain what happened. If that cannot happen for some reason, have a family member or a close friend who can take you to the closest hospital for a proper treatment. However, if none of the options are possible, then you need to call an ambulance as soon as you can.
- Lack of energy
- Dry mouth
- Nausea and or vomiting
- Drowsiness and or dizziness
Breathing issues, such as:
- Reduced movement in the chest – shallow breathing
- Difficulty breathing
Withdrawal symptoms and physical dependence signs and symptoms, such as:
- Fast heart rate
- Increased breathing rate
- Inability to sleep
- Loss of appetite
- A runny nose
- Dilated pupils
- Stomach cramps
- Back or joint pain and muscle aches
- Increased blood pressure
- Teary eyes
Adrenal Insufficiency, which includes symptoms, such as:
- Weakness in muscles
- Pain in the abdomen
- Feeling tired for a long period of time
Serotonin syndrome may lead to the following symptoms:
- Changes in temperature
- Hallucinations – things that appear real but are not
- Fast heart rate
- Vomiting or nausea
- High blood pressure
- Stronger reflexes
Androgen deficiency may include symptoms, such as:
- Lack of sleep
- Lack of energy
Other side effects or symptoms have been also reported, such as:
- Seizures – usually when a patient takes more than the recommended dose
- Abuse or addiction to Tramadol
How to Store Tramadol
- Store at room temperature
- Keep away from moisture and excess heat – sunlight
- Make sure that Tramadol is kept in the container – the way it was delivered
- Do not leave the painkiller open
- Do not dispose of the medication in any household garbage, running water, or wastewater
- Keep Tramadol out of the sight and reach of children and pets